In a report published on Tuesday and entitled: Review of the situation of human rights in the Middle East and North Africa for 2019, Amnesty International has accused Turkey and its affiliated armed opposition groups of committing violations during their offensives on northeastern Syria, describing them as "indiscriminate,” affecting populated areas, including houses, bakeries and schools, holding Turkey the responsibility for carrying out these offensives.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Amnesty International said that during the period between 9 to 20 of last October, 120 civilians were killed in the areas of northeastern Syria, as a result of the Turkish military invasion, along with its backed armed opposition groups.
On October 9, 2019, Turkey, with its affiliated armed opposition groups launched a military invasion in the areas of northeastern Syria, during which it took control over the areas of Sere-Kaniye (Ras al-Ain) and Tal-Abyad (Gre-Spi), causing the displacement of more than 350,000 people, according to a statement issued by the Autonomous Administration of North and East of Syria.
For example, the report cited the Turkish air strike on October 13, which targeted a civilian convoy was heading towards Sere-Kaniye (Ras al-Ain), and was consisting of a number of journalists, which killed 6 civilians and injured 59 others, according to what the organization quoted from the Kurdish Red Crescent.
The report cited another incident on October 10, when mortar shells fell in the city of Qamishli, on the place where an 8-year-old girl and her 11-year-old brother were playing in front of their house, injuring them of varying degrees, where her brother died later that day from his wounds.
While the report of Amnesty International touched on the assassination of the Secretary-General of Future Syria Party, Hevrin Khalaf, by the Turkish-backed militia of Ahrar al-Sharqiya on the M4 highway, on October 12.
Regarding the region of Afrin, the report documented the continuation of the Turkish-backed Syrian armed opposition groups in preventing the indigenous people of Afrin "from reaching their properties and possessions which were seized by members of these armed groups and their families, where some of those properties which were seized, have been used as military facilities by different militant groups.”
The report pointed out that according to the U.N. Committee of Inquiry, "some residents have paid money to regain their stolen vehicles and other belongings, and that olive farmers have paid taxes on their crops for the Turkish-backed armed groups.”
Turkey and its affiliated armed opposition groups took control over Afrin region on March 18, 2018, after nearly two months of fighting against People’s Protection Units (YPG).
The report held Turkey and its affiliated Syrian armed opposition groups the responsibility for the arbitrary detention of more than 54 civilians with the aim of getting ransoms, and as a punishment for claiming their properties or because of their alleged affiliation with the Syrian Kurdish forces.
According to the report, the U.N. Committee for Inquiry stated that: "The individuals who criticized the behavior of the Turkish-backed armed opposition groups or who were supposed to support the previous administration in Afrin, including activists, have become targets of arrest, detention, torture and extortion.”